Natural Cow Lives
"Cows are intelligent animals who enjoy challenges and feel excitement when they finish a task or use their intellect to overcome an obstacle. UK scientists observing cows' behaviour have demonstrated that "[their] brainwaves showed their excitement; their heartbeat went up and some even jumped in the air. We called it their Eureka moment." - Professor Donald Broom, Cambridge University .
Cows would naturally live in small herds with a hierarchy, and have complex social interactions, including friendships . Each cow can recognise more than 100 members of their own herd, and relationships can be very important to them.
Cows’ behavioural needs include grazing for about eight hours a day, as well as social behaviours. At the most basic level, a cow also needs freedom of movement to stand, walk, lie down, feed and drink.
- Leake J. (2005). The secret life of cows. http://www.rense.com/general63/cows.htm, accessed 30 Nov. 2017.
- Marino L. & Allen K. (2017). The psychology of cows. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 4(4), 474-498.